The Android SDK is composed of modular packages that you can download separately using the Android SDK Manager. For example, when the SDK Tools are updated or a new version of the Android platform is released, you can use the SDK Manager to quickly download them to your environment. Simply follow the procedures described in Adding Platforms and Packages.
The Android SDK Platform-Tools is a component for the Android SDK. It includes tools that interface with the Android platform, such as adb, fastboot, and systrace. These tools are required for Android app development. They’re also needed if you want to unlock your device bootloader and flash it with a new system image.
Although some new features in these tools are available only for recent versions of Android, the tools are backward compatible, so you need only one version of the SDK Platform-Tools.
If you do not need Android Studio, you can download the basic Android command line tools. You can use the included sdkmanager to download other SDK packages.
- Disable compression on pull by default.
- Improve performance of adb push when pushing many files over a high-latency connection.
- Improve adb push/pull performance on Windows.
- Fix adb push –sync with multiple inputs.
- Improve performance of incremental apk installation.
- Improve error handling for incremental apk installation.
- Fix fallback to non-incremental apk installation on pre-Android 11 devices.
- Fix adb install-multi-package.
- Fix some more crashes related to adb wireless pairing.
- Improve some error messages.
- Improve console output on fastboot oem commands.
- Fix fastboot flashall on Nexus 7.
30.0.4 Command-line tools:
- Fix installation of APKs signed with v4 signature scheme on pre-Android 11 devices.
- Fix crash when authenticating without ADB_VENDOR_KEYS.
- Fix crash when using adb -H.
Previous release notes:
- A command-line version of the Apk Analyzer has been added in tools/bin/apkanalyzer. It offers the same features as the Apk Analyzer in Android Studio and can be integrated into build/CI servers and scripts for tracking size regressions, generating reports, and so on.
- ProGuard rules files under tools/proguard are no longer used by the Android Plugin for Gradle. Added a comment to explain that.
- When creating an AVD with avdmanager, it is no longer necessary to specify –tag if the package specified by –package only contains a single image (as is the case for all images currently distributed by Google).
There are several different packages available for the Android SDK. The table below describes most of the available packages and where they’re located once you download them.
29.0.5 (October 2019) Command-line tools:
- Slight performance improvement on Linux when using many simultaneous connections.
- Add –fastdeploy option to adb install, for incremental updates to APKs while developing.
- SDK Tools
- Contains tools for debugging and testing, plus other utilities that are required to develop an app. If you’ve just installed the SDK starter package, then you already have the latest version of this package. Make sure you keep this up to date.
- SDK Platform-tools
- Contains platform-dependent tools for developing and debugging your application. These tools support the latest features of the Android platform and are typically updated only when a new platform becomes available. These tools are always backward compatible with older platforms, but you must be sure that you have the latest version of these tools when you install a new SDK platform.
- An offline copy of the latest documentation for the Android platform APIs.
- SDK Platform
- There’s one SDK Platform available for each version of Android. It includes an android.jar file with a fully compliant Android library. In order to build an Android app, you must specify an SDK platform as your build target.
- System Images
- Each platform version offers one or more different system images (such as for ARM and x86). The Android emulator requires a system image to operate. You should always test your app on the latest version of Android and using the emulator with the latest system image is a good way to do so.
- Sources for Android SDK
- A copy of the Android platform source code that’s useful for stepping through the code while debugging your app.
- Samples for SDK
- A collection of sample apps that demonstrate a variety of the platform APIs. These are a great resource to browse Android app code. The API Demos app in particular provides a huge number of small demos you should explore.
- Google APIs
- An SDK add-on that provides both a platform you can use to develop an app using special Google APIs and a system image for the emulator so you can test your app using the Google APIs.
- Android Support
- A static library you can include in your app sources in order to use powerful APIs that aren’t available in the standard platform. For example, the support library contains versions of the Fragment class that’s compatible with Android 1.6 and higher (the class was originally introduced in Android 3.0) and the ViewPager APIs that allow you to easily build a side-swipeable UI.
- Google Play Billing
- Provides the static libraries and samples that allow you to integrate billing services in your app with Google Play.
- Google Play Licensing
- Provides the static libraries and samples that allow you to perform license verification for your app when distributing with Google Play.
Download links for previous version Android SDK 25.2.3: